How To Obtain The Correct Proportions for a Cross
To make any cross in a 1:3 ratio, like the one pictured here, first decide on either the height or width that you want. If you decide on the height, then the width is 1/2 of the height. If you decide on the width, then the height is 2x the width. The attachment point is always 1/4 down from the top. This measurement is to the center of the cross arm. If you "right click" the image, you can save it and print it to take to the shop with you.
The width of the material you use is another thing to keep in mind. A good rule-of-thumb is to use wood that is 1" to 1-1/2" wide for each foot tall. For example, a 2' tall cross could use wood that is 2"-3" wide and an 8' tall cross would look proportional with 8"-10" wide wood.
The example at left is for a cross 12' tall and uses 12" wide wood.
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